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"Participation Builds Unity"

"MADE IN AFRICA - FOR AFRICA"

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PRESENTS

NEPAD'S
AFRICA PEER REVIEW MECHANISM

Peter Metcalfe
22 April 2003 - Dated Regularly

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INTRODUCTION
My three weeks of Civil and Political Human Rights training in Harare, Zimbabwe has proven its worth when analysing the APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) soon to be introduced by NEPAD.

In the February 2003 edition of Africa Recovery, a United Nations Department of Public Information publication, this 'peer review' matter is addressed in more detail.

The APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) will monitor standards of democracy, human rights and economic management.

HOW WILL THIS APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) WORK?
All Member States of the AU (African Union) are invited to join the APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) voluntarily.
Prominent Africans will be nominated by member countries and appointed by their respective Heads of State to the APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) review panel to promote the policies, standards and practices in favour of political stability, economic growth, sustainable development, human rights and regional integration.

This 'panel' will receive support from the NEPAD secretariat and may call on the services of African experts and African institutions.

When a country wishes to join the APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) - the NEPAD secretariat will then review the application and send a team to that country for consultation with various stakeholders (government officials, political parties, the media, civil societies, businesses and so on.) in that country - once complete - a report will be prepared.

The government of the 'applicant country' will be given an opportunity to respond to the report!

This final report will then be submitted to the African Heads of State and key regional institutions such as political organs of the AU (African Union) and the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights.

The outcome of this report will determine the 'membership status' of the 'applicant'

Periodic reviews of the members will take place every two-four years or earlier if there are signs of impending political or economic crisis.

Governments showing a "demonstrable will" to correct shortcomings will be assisted by other African governments to do so and appeals will be made to donors for specific assistance!

Governments not "demonstrating a will" to correct shortcomings will be subjected to "constructive dialogue" with participating governments and should "constructive dialogue" fail then other Heads of State in the APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) may "put the 'unwilling' government on notice" of their collective intent to proceed with appropriate measures.

WHAT ABOUT COUNTRIES NOT WILLING TO JOIN?
It is suggested that countries not willing to join in the APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) may receive less aid funding!

HOW MANY COUNTRIES HAVE JOINED?
By mid October 2004 some 23 countries had already 'joined!
These countries are: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville),
Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique,
Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda.

WILL THIS APRM (African Peer Review Mechanism) WORK?
Yes! - If we (Africa) allow the process to work!

NEPAD secretariat should realise that this (NEPAD) process needs the support of Africa and all her people.
I have reason to believe that NEPAD recognizes that Africa's development is "impossible in the absence of true democracy, respect for human rights, peace and good governance"

I would like to add "PARTICIPATION"

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